("Quid coniuratio est?")
GLORIA IN EXCELSIS
The last person that we're gonna take a look at (well, the next-to-last person, actually) in considerable detail is the aforementioned Katherine Graham. A principle stockholder in Ms. [magazine], one of the people who helped lean on Random House for the deletions in the book, Feminist Revolution, Katherine Graham is, as mentioned, one of the key people who, not only one of the key stockholders, but one of the key people who helped found Ms. magazine in the first place.
Katherine Graham, as well as the entire Washington Post mileau, have a long-standing relationship with the Central Intelligence Agency. That information came to light in a book called Katherine the Great, subtitled, "Katherine the Great and the Washington Post." Published in hardcover by Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich. Authored by Debra Davis. It's copyrighted 1979, by Debra Davis. And I would point out that this book is very difficult to find because it was suppressed, almost certainly because of the CIA connections revealed in it.
What we're going to be looking at here (and again, this is, in a sense, placing the whole Ms. magazine situation in a much larger framework) is basically that the Washington Post is part of a, well, I guess you'd have to say (ironically enough here) an "old boy network" which is one of the major axes of the CIA's involvement with the news media.
We're going to be taking a look at the evolution of the Washington Post in conjunction with the Central Intelligence Agency. And then we're going to take a look at Katherine Graham's role as head of the Washington Post, and the Washington Post's role in getting rid of Richard Nixon on behalf of the U.S. National Security Establishment. As I indicated, Watergate was much deeper (I guess one could say, extending the metaphor) than the popular imagination has generally conceived.
But we're going to take a look at "Katherine the Great" and her involvement with the CIA and Watergate a little later. But beyond that, we're going to take a look at Washington Post as basically part of a long-standing CIA intelligence/media mileau.
First thing we're going to look at here is the establishment of an operation called "Operation Mockingbird." This was set up, not only by Washington Post publisher Phil Graham (the former husband of Katherine Graham), but also [by] a CIA official named Frank Wisner(sp?). We've taken a look at Frank Wisner's role in importing the Ukranian fascists and SS units, in Radio Free America #1 and #2. And in Radio Free America show #15, we looked at the role of these same elements in the assassination of John Kennedy in setting up a "left" cover for the assassination. We also took a look at the role of Wesley Liebler(sp?), a law partner of Frank Wisner's, in covering up the White Russian, Czarist, and Russian fascist connections to the assassination of John Kennedy. That, in Radio Free America #15.
Now Frank Wisner and Phil Graham were two of the people who helped set up Operation Mockingbird, which was a CIA/media propaganda effort. Debra Davis writes about this in Katherine the Great as follows.
Frank Wisner, like Phil Graham, had been born a southerner and had made his own way in the Northeastern legal establishment. During the war [WWII], he had been recruited into the OSS by William Donovan (whose house the Grahams had bought) and had been sent to the Balkans where he conceived of and executed operations that became models for future psychological warfare. He had been excluded from postwar intelligence because of bureaucratic infighting, had been asked to return as Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Occupied Countries, an intelligence post, and by September of 1948 he was named Director of the Office of Policy Coordination [OPC], the covert operations arm of the CIA. OPC and CIA were officially merged in 1952. At OPC, Wisner developed a vision that the war against Communism would be fought not as another large war, but as a series of "guerrilla-like skirmishes," a situation that he sought to control.
Sometimes in co-operation with embassies or the Marshall Plan outposts, and sometimes not, Wisner had already begun wide-scale recruitment of foreign students and infiltration of labor unions. But he wanted something more, a way not only to subvert and disrupt but to give foreign peoples a sense of America, to "alter their perceptions" against Communism without violence. And thus Wisner, his deputy Richard Helms, and Phillip Graham, conceived of a formal program to recruit and use journalists. A haphazard practice until then, it was said to have had the code name, "Operation Mockingbird."
And Philip Graham here, again, one of the people working with Richard Helms, later Director of Central Intelligence, and CIA official Frank Wisner, was one of the people who helped develop this Operation Mockingbird: the first, and most long-running and successful, of the many CIA programs infiltrating and manipulating the news media.
The next thing we're going to look at is the primary role that the CIA has played in building the Washington Post over the years and the Washington Post Corporation. Again, returning to Katherine the Great by Debra Davis:
But the Post was also unique among news companies in that its managers, living and working in Washington, thought of themselves simultaneously as journalists, businessmen, and patriots, a state of mind that made them singularly able to expand the company while promoting the national interest. Their individual relations with intelligence had, in fact, been the reason that the Post company had grown as fast as it did after the war. Their secrets were its corporate secrets, beginning with Mockingbird. Phillip Graham's committment to intelligence gave his friend Frank Wisner and Allen Dulles an interest in making the Washington Post the dominant news vehicle in Washington, which they did by assisting its two most crucial acquisitions, the Times-Herald and WTOP [radio].
The Post-men most essential to these transactions (other than Phil) were Wayne Coy, the Post executive who had been Phil's former New Deal boss, and John S. Hayes(sp?), who replaced Coy in 1947 when Coy was appointed chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. It worked like this: Hayes had been commander of the Armed Forces Radio Network, ETO (European Theater of Operations), and in that capacity had made intelligence connections all over Europe. He came to the Post, after turning the network to the service of the Marshall Plan, with the title of Vice President for Radio and Television. In Washington, he became friendly with Frank Wisner, father of [Operation] Mockingbird, and with Allen Dulles, an OSS man who became the second Director of the new CIA in 1953.
(I would interrupt, of course you look at Dulles' role in the Bay of Pigs and the importation and manipulation of the [Nazi] Gehlen organization as well as the assassination of Kennedy.)
The relationship with Dulles was particularly important because of Dulles' ties to Wall Street, from which intelligence, industry, and government all draw their leaders -- the men who form this country's ruling clique.
Between 1937 and 1943, when he joined the OSS, Dulles had been a director of the Schroeder(sp?) Bank, which in Germany had mis-judged the oneness of corporate and national interests to the extent of helping to finance Hitler because he promised to stabilize the German economy. From his membership in the tiny merchant banking community, which includes at any time only about 100 active partners distributed among the Morgan, Lazar(sp?), Rothschild, Hambros, and Baring Houses, Dulles knew and respected former Lazar associate Eugene Meyer.
[...to be continued...]
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